World History Timeline

Settled farming, trading and continuing migrations. Sumerian writing. Gods run the world by magic and conquer for their monarchs. Religious diffusions and oral stories are put into writing. Religions transform. Indic civilization. Zhou overruns Shang civilization. Persian and Greek civilizations. Philosophy. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic world. The Mauryan and Roman empires. The Han dynasty fails politically. More divisions in Judaism and the rise of Christianity. Rome is swallowed by its empire and Christianized Rome fails – as empires always do.

German tribal conquests, barbarism, and monasteries. Cultural diffusion congeals into Islam. Trade and bloody competition between empires and family dynasties. Power stuggle among Muslims. Christians against the evils of heresy, Islam and Jews. Mongol and Turkish expansions. Greek philosophy returns to Europe. Bubonic plague. Hun- dred Years' War. Muslims take Constantinople. Savonaro-la. The Inca empire expands. Sailing ships out for religious conversions and trade.

Latin empire, bloody conflict, Christianity, death and African slaves to America. The Reformation, with the printing press helping Protestantism. In India, Japan and Europe, rulers extend their powers by force. Religious wars in France. Islam's imperial army to the gates of Vienna; then decline. Cannons have made castles and knights obsolete. Standing armies and Machiavellian diplomacy increase. Shakespeare.

Tokugawa Japan. The French, Dutch and English to the Americas and to Africa. The Dutch to Indonesia. In Europe the telescope and science, Galileo and the Inquisition. Religious conflict and the Thirty Years' War. Civil War in England. Discovery of micro-organisms. England's liberal "Glorious Revolution." Europe has learned religious toler-ation. Locke's political contract rather than a divine right of kings. Newton's physics. England's Bill of Rights.

More warfare over who should rule where. More slaves shipped to America in British ships, supplied by African emperors. Peter the Great. An encyclopedia created in China. Literacy on the rise. Voltaire admires England's liberties. In France the right to question and the new search for knowledge inspires "The Enlightenment." War in Europe extends to North America followed by the American Revolutionary War. French Revolutionaries struggle with enlightenment and reason, trial and error.

Napoleon, empire and nationalism. Slave emancipation. Technological change and cultural upheaval. Revolution in 1848. Serfdom declines in Europe. Humiliations and rebellions in Asia. The U.S. Civil War. Labor against factory and mine owners. Utopian socialists. Karl Marx. Science and public hygiene. The geologist Lyell and Charles Darwin. Tsarist Russia. Meiji Japan. Western secularism. Transportation revolution and trade surge. Empire sets the stage for conflict in the next century.

The most powerful and their admirers see virtue in empire – everybody's doing it. Ottoman empire and Habsburg empire. "Boxer" hostility to foreigners in China. Imperial competition leads to Russo-Japanese War. Franz Joseph annexes Serbian lands. Japan annexes Korea. World War, passions and narrow visions. Anti-war socialists and revolution in Russia. A victor's peace punishes Germany. British and French violent oppressions and colonialism in the Middle East. China's May 4 movement. Japan attempts to control China. The Great Depression and recoveries. From Lenin to Stalin. Hitler scapegoats Jews. Passivity allows German nationalists to undo treaties. War in Europe. Japan moves against West in Asia. Each side sees itself as righteous and the other as evil. Germany and Japan are overwhelmed by the manpower and indus-trial strength. Fifty-one nations sign the UN Charter.

Military occupations of former fascist states and of Korea. Stalin, Churchill and Truman. Peron in Argentina. Welfare politics in Britain. Civil war in Greece. Independence for the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Burma and Indonesia. Berlin airlift. France back in Vietnam. Stalinism in Eastern Europe. Communists win civil war in China. NATO, The Korean War. Eisenhower. Joe McCarthy. Rosenbergs executed. French end war in Vietnam. Soviet Union and West grant freedom to Austria. Summit in Geneva. Salk vaccine. Rosa Parks. Khrushchev denounces Stalin. Suez Crisis. Little Rock. Sputnik. Arms race. Vice President Nixon to Latin America. Fidel Castro. Ho Chi Minh vows to unite Vietnam. French-Algerian war ends. Dying colonial-ism and newly independent states in Africa.

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The Ancient World ........................... subject index

4.3 million years ago to 12,000 BCE

12,000 to 4001

 4000 to 2001

 2000 to 1001

 1000 to 501

  500 to 401

  400 to 301

  300 to 201

  200 to 101

  100 to 1

  1 to 100

  101 to 200

  201 to 300

  301 to 400

  401 to 500

6th to 15th Centuries ....................... subject index

 501 to 600

 601 to 700

 701 to 800

 801 to 900

 901 to 1000

1001 to 1100

1101 to 1200

1201 to 1300

1301 to 1400

1401 to 1500

16th and 17th Centuries .................... subject index

1501 to 1510

1511 to 1520

1521 to 1530

1531 to 1540

1541 to 1550

1551 to 1560

1561 to 1570

1571 to 1580

1581 to 1590

1591 to 1600

 

1601 to 1610

1611 to 1620

1621 to 1630

1631 to 1640

1641 to 1650

1651 to 1660

1661 to 1670

1671 to 1680

1681 to 1690

1691 to 1700

18th and 19th Centuries ..................... subject index

1701 to 1710

1711 to 1720

1721 to 1730

1731 to 1740

1741 to 1750

1751 to 1760

1761 to 1770

1771 to 1780

1781 to 1790

1791 to 1800

 

1801 to 1810

1811 to 1820

1821 to 1830

1831 to 1840

1841 to 1850

1851 to 1860

1861 to 1870

1871 to 1880

1881 to 1890

1891 to 1900

1901 to 1945 ....................................... subject index

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1911

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1945

1946 to 2000 ........................................ subject index

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2001 to 2014

2001

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2012

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2014

 

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