1672 Charles II joins Louis XIV of France in another war against the Dutch.
1672 A third living son, Peter, is born to Tsar Alexius (1629-76).
1674 A Hindu conqueror, Shivaji, is crowned king at Rajgarh. Maratha power is established. Shivaji gives assurance to Hindus across India.
1674 The French establish a trading post in India.
1675 The economic burdens of the war and rising opposition to the war by Protestants and Parliament results in Charles II agreeing to a negotiated settlement with the Dutch.
1675 A Dutchman, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, discovers microorganisms, using a microscope of his own design. This would eventually put to rest the theory that small creatures or insects arose from inanimate matter such as dirt or dung.
1675 The Mugal emperor, Alamgir, has escecuted Tegh Bahadur for refusing to accept Islam. Tegh Bahadur's son and successor, Guru Gobind Rai, vows to combat Alamgir's oppression. He adopts the surname Singh (lion) and gives his closest followers the same surname.
1676 Metacom, chief of the Wampanoag Indians, son of Massasoit who feasted with the Pilgrims in 1621, tried to live in harmony with the colonists. He adopted the name Philip and is called King Philip by the colonists. But continuing expansion against the Indians finally led to war – King Philip's War. Metacom and the Wampanoag Indians are defeated. Metacom's wife and and eight-year-old son are sold as slaves and shipped to Bermuda. Metacom's body is cut into quarters and hung in trees and his head is mounted on a pike at the entrance to Fort Plymouth where it is to remain for more than two decades.
1676 Tsar Alexius dies. His son, at the age of twelve, inherits the throne as Theodor III.
1677 The French build a fort on the island of Goree, a little more than a hundred miles to the south of the mouth of the Senegal River.
1679 Responding to public pressure, England's parliament passes the Habeas Corpus Act, against abusive detentions and detentions without legal authority.
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