The World before 1000 BCE

Billions of Yearsfrom the earth's beginning to human species

Dinosaurs, Birds, and Survivala focus on the Triasic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods

Genes, Aging and Evolutioncreature biologies

Biology, the Brain and Historydistribution of differences among humans

Origins of Warbeginning with tribal raiding

Origins of Religionhunter-gatherers try to understand their world

Population Growth, Harvest Gods and Sacrificesagriculture, animal and human sacrifices

Civilization in Mesopotamia

Class, Power and War among the Sumerians politics, education and women in Mesopotamia to 2400 BCE

Sumerian Polytheism, Sin and Myth of a Great Flood the polytheistic tradition with a new culture of priesthood

Sargon's Empire and the Sumerians rise and fall of Sargon's empire

Babylonian Myths of Creation and a Great Floodthe retelling of Sumerian stories

Beginning Science and the GodsIn Babylon people systematize measurement

Hammurabi and the Kassites at BabylonBabylon, from Hammurabi to the Kassites

Ethnic Diffusions in Mesopotamia Hittites, Hurrians, Aramaeans and medicine

Biblical Hebrews in conflict with their Neighbors

Wars to Samson and the Canaaniststhe biblical Hebrews in conflict with their neighbors

Samuel, Saul, and the Rise of Davidthe First and Second Books of Samuel

Hebrew Ideology before the time of David Abraham; Moses and the Ten Commandments

Egypt and Civilization in North Africa

Agriculture and Herding in Northern Africa before climate change and the Berbers

Agriculture and Power Politics along the Nileauthoritarian rule, privilege and war to 2130 BCE

Ideology and Myth in Egyptmyths dominate Egypt and its politics

Succession Problems to Egypt's 12th Dynastyclass hatred, restored order and ideological adjustments

Conquest by Hyksos, Egyptian Expansion, Ramses II and Moseshumiliation and attempts at grandeur

Civilization in the Indus Valley

Civilization of Mohenjo-daro and Harappato the squatter period and squatter disappearance

Aryans Invade, Conquer and Make War in the Indus Valleywaves of pastoralists into the Indus Valley

Aryans, beginning Hinduism and the VedasHinduism's origins and oral history

Civilization on the North China Plain

Shang and Zhou Dynasties and Empirepolitical power from Shang to Zhou emperors

Religious transformations from Shang to Zhoupolytheism, human sacrifice and Heaven's favors

Europe, Asia-Pacific, Americas

Civilization to Europe and Greece's Dark Ageagriculture, the Mycenae Greeks to a Dark Age

Migrations into Southeast Asia and Oceania Mons, Malays, Micronesians, Polynesians and Australians

Agriculture, Sacrifices and Civilization in the Americas Tehuacan Valley, Olmecs, and north of the Rio Grande