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War and Unintended Consequences

Child in ruins of bombing

In 1937, Japan was trying to apply controls over China.  It was especially hostile to China's communists, without realizing that it was giving them new opportunity. China's ruler, Chiang Kai-shek, diverted his attention from fighting communists to fighting Japan.  The communists reorganized their army, advanced eastward against the Japanese and began guerrilla warfare. Fighting against Japan's occupation helped advance the communists in the eyes of the public.

China, the Soviet Union and Japan to 1940