New Zealand (capital Wellington, 1,444 miles or
3,234 kilometers east-south-east of Australia's capital, Canberra)
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "Over the past 20 years the government has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally."
Economic growth rate
2011: 33.7% of GDP
2010: 25.5% of GDP
2009: 29.3% of GDP
2011: 116.7%, favorable balance (exports in cash value above imports)
2010: 106.6%, favorable balance.
Exports "dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery."
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 86th among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank number is less equal). Less equal than Britain, which ranks 94th, and more equal than the US, which ranks 45th.
2009: 9.7% of GDP
Value Added Tax: 15%
Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP
Gender Gap:The World Economic Forum lists New Zealand as sixth in the world in the elimination of a gender gap.
Labor force in agriculture
Living in an urban area
Net migration rate
2012: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 2.26 persons per 1,000 population
New Zealand Caucasian 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other Pacific islanders 3.8%, Asians and others12%.
About 1,600 kilometers (1000 miles) southeast of Australia. Cooler than the tropics of Pacific islands to the north. Includes the islands of Antipodes, Auckland, Bounty, Campbell, Chatham and Kermadec Islands. Predominately mountainous, with coastal plains. Capital: Wellington.
Chief of state: Elizabeth II (queen, House of Windsor) since 6 February 1952. Head of government: John Key (prime minister) since 19 November 2008, National Party (center-right)
New Zealand moved from a British colony to an independent dominion in 1907. It remains a parliamentary democracy. Its chief of state is Queen Elizabeth II. Parliament is unicameral, with 120 seats: 70 members are elected by popular vote in single-member constituencies including 7 Maori constituencies; and 50 proportional seats are chosen from party lists. Members serve three-year terms.
New Zealand has been named in the top ten countries in freedom of the press.
December 24, 2004: In response to a ruling by the U.N. Human Rights Committee, New Zealand's Immigration Service has reversed a position regarding a Samoan couple's right to residency in New Zealand.
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