Uruguay (capital Montevideo) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: See chart
Factbook: "Uruguay's economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated work force, and high levels of social spending. Following financial difficulties in the late 1990s and early 2000s, economic growth for Uruguay averaged 8% annually during the period 2004-08. The 2008-09 global financial crisis put a brake on Uruguay's vigorous growth, which decelerated to 2.6% in 2009. Nevertheless, the country managed to avoid a recession and keep positive growth rates, mainly through higher public expenditure and investment, and GDP growth reached 8.5% in 2010 and about 6% in 2011."
Economic growth rate
Labor force in agriculture
2011: 51% of GDP
2010: 56.9% of GDP
2011: Exports 74.8% of imports in cash value
Exports - commodities
2011: beef, soybeans, cellulose, rice, wheat, wood, dairy products; wool
Imports - commodities
Rrefined oil 10.0%, crude oil 9.0%, passenger vehicles 4.0%, transportation vehicles 2.7%, vehicles parts 2.0%, cellular phones 2.1%
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 41st among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank number is less equal). Less equal than Britain, which ranks 94th. More equal than Mexico, which ranks 19th.
Urugary's corruption index figure at 7.0 for 2011 compares favorable to Mexico's, at 3.0. There seems to be a rough correlation in the world between large inequalities in income and corruption.
2009: 7.4% of GdP
2006: 2.9% of GDP (ranks 134th)
Living in an urban area
World Factbook (2011): White 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian practically nonexistent.
2006: Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1%
2012: A net loss of 1.5 persons per 1,000 population per year
Between Brazil and Argentina. 660 kilometers of coastline along the South Atlantic Ocean. Equivalent to 420 by 420 kilometers or roughly 262 by 262 miles. Rolling plains and lows. No freezing temperatures. Capital: Montevideo, on the coast where the Atlantic meets the Plata River.
Chief of state and head of government: José Mujica (president) since March 10, 2010, atheist or agnostic, Broad Front (center-left).
Independence from Spain in 1825. Presidents with their vice-president elected by popular vote for five-year terms. Bicameral legislature, members elected by popular vote also for five-year terms.
2009: BBC News describes most who are leaving Uruguay are "young and highly qualified, looking to earn higher salaries in Europe and the United States." According to BBC News "So many people have left in recent years it is now estimated that up to one-fifth of all Uruguayans now live abroad. "
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