Sudan (capital Khartoum) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "Sudan is an extremely poor country that has had to deal with social conflict, civil war, and the July 2011 secession of South Sudan - the region of the country that had been responsible for about three-fourths of the former Sudan's total oil production. The oil sector had driven much of Sudan's GDP growth since it began exporting oil in 1999."
2011: 1.6 (10 is perfect, Sudan among the worst)
2009: 383,900 barrels per day (ranking 35th in the world)
2011: exports 91.4% of imports in cash value – an unfavorable balance
2009: 7.3% of GDP
Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority
Living in an urban area
2010: 40% of total population
Net migration rate
2012: A net loss of 4.52 persons per 1,000 population per year.
Chief of state and head of government: Omar al-Bashir (president) since 30 June 1989, lieutenant general military coup, National Congress Party (Islamist), charged with genocide by the International Criminal Court. Head of government. Military dictatorship.
Independence from Britain in 1956.
In 2003 an independence movement in Darfur attacked government targets. Darfur's population is Muslim, with some Arabs and some blacks. An age old dispute existed between black farmers and the mostly nomadic Arabs over land and rights. The Darfur rebels claimed they were being neglected by Khartoum, Sudan's capital and predominantly Arab, and they claimed that Khartoum was oppressing the blacks in favor of Arabs. The rebels won the attention of the government. The government supported "self-defense" militias who fought the independence movement. They are accused of "cleansing" areas of blacks and taking as their reward loot, land and access to women in the form of rape. Sudan's government has blamed the assaults on nomadic, camel-riding, semi-automatic rifle toting Arabs called the Janjaweed, described by Sudan's president, Omar al-Bashir, as "thieves and gangsters." The government has promised to do something about the assaults." Meanwhile, according to a BBC News item, published on April 5, 2005, "More than two million people have left their homes and many thousands have been killed."
July 2005: Journalist Andrea Mitchell of NBC News asked President Omar el-Bashir "Why should the U.S. believe the Sudanese government will stop the killing when the government is still supporting the militia?" Sudanese security guards grabbed her from behind and carried her out of the room, her feet dangling off the ground, while U.S. State Department officials traveling to Sudan with Mitchell and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice shouted at them to leave Mitchell alone
March 5, 2010: The U.N. reports that half of south Sudan's population is desperately short of food. The News Hour reports a "fourfold increase in hunger this year, due to drought and growing violence, violence stemming from age-old local conflicts and, some fear, echoes of the north-south civil war."
July 9, 2011: South Sudan becomes independent of the Republic of Sudan.
Copyright © 2009-2011 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.