Solomon Islands in the South Pacific (south of the equator)
World Factbook: "The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold."
As much as 95% of all land is kinship owned. When a mining company wants to acquire land it must bargain with kinship groups.
Labor force in agriculture
2000 est: 75%
2003: Revenues only 66% of expenditures.
Estimated per capita GDP (2010 U.S. dollars)
(deaths before the age of one year per 1,000 live births)
Average life expectancy at birth
July 2013: 597,248
July 2011: 571,890
Population of Honiara (the capital city)
2009 estimate: 78,190
Population of Malaita
2007 estimate: 140,000
The island of Tikopia supports around 1,200 people, is 2.9 square kilometers (1.8 square miles). Unlike those on much of the rest of the islands, these are Polynesians.
Living in an urban area
Density for 2007: 19.92 persons per square kilometer, up from 19.5 in 2005, in other words roughly one more person for every two square miles.
Birth and death rates
2011: births 28.03, deaths 3.93
1999 census: Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2%
1999 census: Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Roman Catholic 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2%
South of the equator in Oceania. Nearly 1,000 islands and atolls totalling 28,450 square kilometers of land, equivalent to 168.7 by 168.7 kilometers or roughly 105 by 105 miles. Includes Guadalcanal.
Chief of State: Elizabeth II (queen, House of Windsor) since 6 February 1952. Head of government: Gordon Darcy Lilo (prime minister) since 16 November 2011, National Coalition for Reform and Advancement.
A member of the Commonwealth of Nations. A parliamentary democracy. Unicameral National Parliament has 50 members elected by popular vote to four-year terms.
Capital: Honiara, on the north side of Guadalcanal.
British established a protectorate over the islands in the 1890s.
1976: Acquired self-government. In 1978 this was extended to Independence and membership in the Commonwealth of Nations.
2003: Conflict and lawlessness and ineffective police prompts a formal request by the Solomon Islands Government for outside help. The request is unanimously supported in Parliament. An Australian-led multinational force (RAMSI) restored peace and disarmed ethnic militias.
2005: A leading troublemaker up to 2003, Harold Keke, 33, is given a life sentence for murder. Keke is a former Catholic who turned to evangelical Christianity and came to view himself as a prophet leading people to the promised land. He is accused of arson, kidnapping, assassination and has been personally implicated in more than 50 murders.
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