Poland (capital Warsaw) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization since 1990 and today stands out as a success story among transition economies. It is the only country in the European Union to avoid a recession through the 2008-2009 economic downturn, although GDP per capita is still much below the EU average. Since 2004, EU membership and access to EU structural funds have provided a major boost to the economy. Unemployment has been 2% more than the EU average. Inflation reached a low of about 2.6% in 2010 due to the global economic slowdown, but climbed to 4.3% in 2011."
Economic growth rate
2011: 56.7% of GDP
2010: 54.9% of GDP
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 93rd among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank less equal). About the same as Britain, which ranks 94th. More equal than the US, which ranks 45th.
Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP
2009: 7.1% of GDP
Living in an urban area
Net migration rate
2012: A net loss of 0.47 persons per 1,000 population.
2002 census: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7%
2002 census: Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002)
East of Germany and the Czech Republic. North of Slovakia. West of Ukraine and Belarus. South of Lithuania and Kalinigrad. In the north, 491 kilometers of coastline on the Baltic Sea.
Chief of state: Bronislaw Komorowski (president) since 6 August 2010, Roman Catholic, formerly of the Conservative People's Party, now Independent. Head of government: Donald Tusk (prime minister) since 16 November 2007, Civic Platform (center-right).
A parliamentary republic, its president popularly elected for a five-year term. Its legislature is bicameral. Capital: Warsaw.
The Republic of Poland has been independent since the fall of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in 1917.
It was dominated by the Soviet Union at the close of World War II, which ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Revolutions of 1989. Poland became what is constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic."
Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
October 18, 2006: In an article in the online BBC, a 14-yar-old from Poland, Laura Sukacz, attending school in England, says that "...life here, in England, is easier as people earn more and can spend more time having fun."
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