Mozambique (capital Maputo) and neighboring states
World Factbook: "Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid-1990s."
Country Comparisons: chart
Economic growth rate
Labor force in agriculture
Aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity
2009: Belgium 21.2%, Italy 13.9%, South Africa 9.5%, Spain 8%, China 6.4%
2011: exports $2.646 billion, imports $3.846 billion
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 38th among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank number is less equal). Less equal than Britain, which ranks 94th, and the US, which ranks 45th.
2009: 5.7% of GDP
Living in an urban area:
African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
1997 census: Catholic 28.4%, Protestant 27.7% (Zionist Christian 15.5%, Evangelical Pentecostal 10.9%, Anglican 1.3%), Muslim 17.9%, other 7.2%, none 18.7%
Literacy, Age 15 and Older
2003: males 63.5%, females 32.7%
Southeastern Africa, between Tanzania and South Africa. Almost twice the size of California. Capital: Maputo
Chief of state: Armando Guebuza (president) since 2 February 2005, Christian, Liberation Front (leftist). Head of government: Aires Ali (prime minister) since 16 January 2010, Liberation Front.
President elected for five-year term by popular vote. Prime minister is appointed by the president.
Unicameral Assembly has 250 seats with members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms.
Copyright © 2009-2011 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.