Northern Mariana Islands, Saipan the capital (136 miles northeast of Guam, 3,625 miles west of Honolulu, 1,490 miles south of Tokyo)
World Factbook: "The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate."
Estimated per capita GDP
banking, construction, fishing, garment, tourism, handicrafts
Infant mortality (deaths before the age of one year per 1,000 live births)
2011: 5.79 (a little better than that of the United States)
Average life expectancy at birth
2010: 76.9 years
2009: 76.7 years
July 2011: 46,050
Living in an urban area
2010: 91% (2008). This urban area is the island of Saipan.
Net migration rate
2011: A net loss of 57.46 per 1,000 population.
2010: A net loss of 73.56 per 1,000 population.
2009: A net loss of 89.7 per 1,000 population.
2000 census: Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8%. (Eighty-six percent speak other than English at home.)
Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, north of Australia and west of the Hawaiian Islands.
Chief of state: Barack Obama (president) since 20 January 2009. Head of government: Governor Benigno R. Fitial (governor) since 9 January 2006), Roman Catholic, Republican Party.
A commonwealth with a locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature. The legislature is bicameral: the Senate has 9 seats with members elected to four-year terms, the House of Representatives has 20 seats, its members elected by popular vote to two-year terms.
By the 18th century, 90 to 95 percent of the islanders had died from diseases brought by the Spaniards. Settlers primarily from the Philippines and the Caroline Islands repopulated the islands.
Occupied by the Japanese after 1941 until June 1944.
Wikipedia: "A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the U.S. was approved in 1975. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978. Similar to other U.S. territories, the islands do not have representation in the U.S. Senate, but are represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by a delegate...who may vote in committee but not on the House floor."
Wikipedia: "In 1999, Sweatshop Watch, Global Exchange, Asian Law Caucus, Unite, and the garment workers themselves filed three separate lawsuits in class-action suits on behalf of roughly 30,000 garment workers in Saipan. The defendants included 27 U.S. retailers and 23 Saipan garment factories. By 2004, they had won a 20 million dollar settlement against all but one of the defendants."
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