Libya (its capital Tripoli) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "The Libyan economy depends primarily upon revenue from hydrocarbons, which contribute about 95% of export earnings, 65% of GDP, and 80% of government revenue. Substantial revenue from the energy sector coupled with a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, but little of this income flowed to the lower orders of society."
Libya emerged from the Second World War as one of the poorest in the world.
Labor force in agriculture
Oil production for 2009, Libya ranks 18th at 1.79 million barrels per day. In per capita product it has ranked a little above Saudi Arabia: 277 barrels per 1,000 persons compared to 254 barrels for Saudi Arabia.
2010: ranks 16th
Libya for 2010 has the typically high birth rate and poor health figures of a Muslim country – about the same as Egypt and worse than Saudi Arabia. It's revenue as a percent of GDP is much higher than Saudi Arabia's. In Libya more wealth from oil is being used for government projects.
2010: 3.3% of GDP
2009: 6.6% of GDP
Living in an urban area
2008: 78.7%, compared to 43% for Egypt
Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)
Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3%
Net migration rate
North Africa. Coastline: 1,770 kilometers. Much desert. Capital: Tripoli.
Chief of state: Nouri Abusahmain (president) since 25 June 2013. Head of government: Ali Zeidan (prime minister) since 14 October 2012, independent, a diplomat for Gaddafi who defected in 1980.
The prime minister is elected by the National Assembly.
Independence from Italy on December 24, 1951.
In 1996 "Purification" Committees were created to enhance correct behavior among the people.
Feb 12, 2011: Yesterday in Egypt, Murbarak fell from power. In the Libyan newspaper al-Watat, Sulyaman al-Warfali compared Mubarak's politics with politics in Libya:
Had President Mubarak adopted the brother leader's theory and applied direct democracy for the people through people's congresses this chaos would not have engulfed Egypt.
Feb 22, 2011: At last a little background in the press to the uprising in Libya. George Joffe, writing for the BBC, describes the "anti-regime demonstrations" as "first confined to the region of Cyrenaica in the east of the country."
"Eastern Libya," continues Joffe, "has long been hostile to the jamahiriyah, Colonel Gaddafi's "state-of-the-masses" based on "direct popular democracy." Joffe describes various reasons for hostility toward the Gaddafi regime in the eastern city of Benghazi, one of them being an attack by security forces there in 2006 on people demonstrating against Italy for supporting Denmark in the cartoons crisis. Demonstrators were killed. Benghazi in recent days is where the demonstrations have been greatest. When Gaddafi's forces attacked and killed young people there, the ranks of the protesters swelled to great numbers, and the army there went over to the side of the protesters.
Feb 24, 2011: Lisa Anderson, president of American University in Cairo says,
Years of artificially induced scarcity produced widespread corruption, decades of capricious cruelty led to generalized and deep-seated suspicion. There are a lot of scores to settle in Libya, many informers to expose, much revenge to be taken. This is not auspicious terrain for government of any kind, much less democracy.
Copyright © 2009-2013 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.