Laos in Southeast Asia amid neighboring states
World Factbook as of November 2014: "The government of Laos, one of the few remaining one-party communist states, began decentralizing control and encouraging private enterprise in 1986. The results, starting from an extremely low base, were striking – growth averaged 6% per year from 1988-2008 except during the short-lived drop caused by the Asian financial crisis that began in 1997. Laos' growth exceeded 7% per year during 2008-13. Despite this high growth rate, Laos remains a country with an underdeveloped infrastructure, particularly in rural areas. It has a basic, but improving, road system, and limited external and internal land-line telecommunications. Electricity is available in 83% of the country. Laos' economy is heavily dependent on capital-intensive natural resource exports. The labor force, however, still relies on agriculture, dominated by rice cultivation in lowland areas, which accounts for about 25% of GDP and 73% of total employment. Economic growth has reduced official poverty rates from 46% in 1992 to 26% in 2010. The economy also has benefited from high-profile foreign direct investment in hydropower, copper and gold mining, logging, and construction though some projects in these industries have drawn criticism for their environmental impacts."
Economic growth rate
Labor force in agriculture
Wood products, coffee, electricity, tin, copper, gold
2010: Thailand 31.1%, China 23%, Vietnam 12.9%
2011: exports$ 1.842 billion, imports $2.37 billion
Income Distribution – GINI index
Ranks 83rd among 140 countries (lower rank number is less equal).
2009: 6.5% of GDP
juy 2014: 6,803,699
Population growth rate
2014: 54.53 deaths per 1,000 live births
(ranks 33rd among 224 countries)
Life expectancy at birth:
2014: 63.51 years
Living in an urban area:
Literacy (15 and older)
2005 census: males 83%, females 63%
2005 census: Lao 55%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 8%, other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) 26%
2005 census: Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5%
Southeast Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. Landlocke. Slightly larger in area than Utah.
Dominated by the Lao People's Revolutionary (Communist) Party. The president and vice-president are elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term. The president appoints a prime minister. The legislature (National Assembly) is unicameral with 132 members elected by popular vote from a list of candidates selected by the People's Revolutionary Party to serve five-year terms.
The World Factbook
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