Ireland (capital Dublin) and neighboring Northern Ireland of the United Kingdom
Country Comparisons: chart
Ireland's government has spent a lot to bail out its banks, increasing its budget deficit, contributing to Ireland having in 2010 comparatively large expenditures to GDP. Revenues to GDP figure in 2010 were 39.9%. This figure for 2011 is 43.4%
World Factbook: "Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy. Ireland was among the initial group of 12 EU nations that began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002. GDP growth averaged 6% in 1995-2007, but economic activity has dropped sharply since the onset of the world financial crisis, with GDP falling by over 3% in 2008, nearly 8% in 2009, and 1% in 2010. Ireland entered into a recession in 2008 for the first time in more than a decade, with the subsequent collapse of its domestic property and construction markets. "
Economic growth rate
2009: 7.6% of GDP
Ireland has a birth rate slightly higher than the US and substantially higher than Switzrland. Births per 1,000 population estimated for 2012: Ireland 15.81, United States 13.68, Switzerland 9.51.
Ireland's crime rate is low – in murders down around where Switzerland and Japan are. In recent years, per capita total crimes reported is 20.71 per year per 1,000 people, compared to 81.55 in the United States (a United Nations report for the years 1998-2000). Ireland is not spending a lot on imprisonment. It has had 0.75 persons in prison per 1,000 people compared to 7.15 per 1,000 in the United States.
Living in an urban area
Net migration rate
2012: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 1.69 per 1,000 population.
2011: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 0.86 per 1,000 population.
2009: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 4.71 per 1,000 population.
The English language dominates in Ireland, while Celtic, or Gallic, is spoken by 41% of the population, mainly along Ireland's western
According to the Dublin Archdiocese, church attendance is down from around 85% in 1975 to 60% in 2004.
Six-fifths of an island in the Atlantic Ocean, just west of Britain. Size equivalent to 265 by 265 kilometers, or roughly 166 by 166 miles. Mild climate and frequent rainfall has given Ireland the green that earns it the sobriquet "Emerald Isle". The island's area is 32,477 square miles (84,079 km²). Capital: Dublin.
Chief of state: President Michael D. Higgins (president) since 29 October 2011, Independent Labour Party (centrist), poet, sociologist. Head of government: Enda Kenny (prime minister) since 9 March 2011, Fine Gael (center-right). Fine Gael is a member of the centre-right European People's Party.
Ireland withdrew from the Commonwealth in 1948.
1973 Ireland joins the European Union.
1992: The sale of contraceptives is fully legalized.
1997: Divorce is legalized under certain circumstances. It is opposed by the Roman Catholic Church.
Mary McAleese was inaugurated as the eighth President of Ireland on 11 November 1997.
in 1999, Ireland joined NATO's "partnership for peace."
2000: By now, according to journalist Fintan O'Toole, "Income taxes were cut, foreign companies were courted with massive tax breaks and the promise of light regulation. Enterprise was encouraged and rewarded." These are the Celtic Tiger years. Unemployment has fallen from 18% in the late 1980s to below 5%. O'Toole describes Ireland's economy as growing rapidly because it was catching up, "combined with the advantage of not having an old heavy industrial base."
In 2002 the euro became Ireland's sole currency.
November 2004: Mary McAleese is re-elected for a second seven-year term – with little contest because of her job approval ratings.
Economic crisis: During the economic boom before 2008 there was a rise in property prices and buying fueled by lending from banks. The bubble burst and the Irish banking system was plunged into crisis. Ireland's economy went into one of the deepest recessions in the eurozone, the economy in 2009 shrinking by 10%. In November 2010, Ireland and the EU agreed on a financial rescue package for the republic worth 85 billion euros.
Copyright © 2009-2011 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.