Ghana (capital Accra) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "Ghana's economy has been strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels. Ghana is well endowed with natural resources and agriculture accounts for roughly one-quarter of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders."
Economic growth rate
Labor force in agriculture
Gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
2010: Netherlands 11.7%, UK 7%, France 5.7%, US 5.6%, Ukraine 5%, Belgium 4.6%
2011: exports $13.13 billion, imports $14.3 billion
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 67th among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank number is less equal). Less equal than Britain, which ranks 94th, and more equal than the US, which ranks 45th.
Living in an urban area
2000 census: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8%
2000 census: Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1%
Net migration rate
2012: Net loss of 0.56 persons per 1,000 population per year
The former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofe Annan is from Ghana. According to Wikipedia: "Annan's family was part of the country's elite; both of his grandfathers and his uncle were tribal chiefs. His father was half Asante and half Fante; his mother was Fante. Annan's father worked for a long period as an export manager for the Lever Brothers cocoa company."
Western Africa, east of the Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire). Slightly smaller than Oregon, with 539 kilometers of coastline. Hot and humid in the south, hot and dry in the north. Capital: Accra.
Chief of state and head of goverment: John Dramani Mahama (president) since 24 July 2012, National Democratic Congress.
President and vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term). Unicameral Parliament with 230 seats and members elected by direct, popular vote in single-seat constituencies to serve four-year terms.
In 1964, four years after becoming president, Kwame Nkrumah suspended Ghana's constitution and made Ghana a one-party state. A military coup in 1966 ended Nkrumah's rule, and Ghana remained a one-party state until 1992. Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings was head of state from 1981. In 1992 multi-party elections were held. Rawlings was genuinely popular and won 60 percent of the vote. He worked at improving Ghana's economy and won re-election in 1996, with 57 percent of the vote. The new 1992 constitution allowed him only two terms, ending his presidency in 2000. John Kufuor from a rival political party, was elected president. In 2004 John Kufuor was relection with 52.7 percent of the vote. Ghanians are proud of their democracy and value the stability that it provides.
Copyright © 2009-2011 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.