East Timor (capital Dili) a predominately Christian half of an island amid islands in Indonesia, 400 miles northwest of Australia
World Factbook: The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island.
Country Comparisons: chart
Economic growth rate
Labor force in agriculture
oil, coffee, sandalwood, marble
2011: exports $18 million, imports $689 million
East Timor receives financial assistance from Australia. According to the Australian government, 46 per cent of children to 5 years of age are underweight, and 44% of the entire People is malnourished. Overall, 41 per cent live on below 0.88 U.S. dollars (88 cents) per day. (May 2011)
Income Distribution – gini index
Ranks 109th among 140 countries (higher rank number is more equal, lower rank number is less equal). More equal than Britain, which ranks 94th, and the US, which ranks 45th.
2009: 2.3% of GDP
Living in an urban area:
Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
2005: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1%
Half of an island in Southeast Asia on the eastern fringe of Indonesia in Southeastern Asia.
Violence from Indonesians (mostly Muslim) resisting the independence sought by East Timorese (mostly Christian) was brought to an end by the intervention of Australia, in September 1999. On May 20, 2002 East Timor was recognized as an independent state.
World Factbook: "In late 1999, about 70% of the economic infrastructure of East Timor was laid waste by Indonesian troops and anti-independence militias, and 300,000 people fled westward. Over the next three years, however, a massive international program, manned by 5,000 peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and 1,300 police officers, led to substantial reconstruction in both urban and rural areas."
March 17, 2006. According to a report in the BBC, East Timor suffers "an acute shortage of skilled people."
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