Chad (its capital N'Djamena) and neighboring states
Country Comparisons: chart
World Factbook: "Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000. At least 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood."
Economic growth rate
2009: minus 1.2%
Labor force in agriclture
2006: 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)
Oil, cattle, cotton, gum arabic
2009: US 71.9%, China 16.9%, Netherlands 4.6%
2011: exports $4.088 billion, imports $3.546 billion
2009: 7% of GDP
Camel trains are being replaced by trucks.
Living in an urban area:
According to the BBC in 2006, only 3 percent of the population has access to electricity.
1993 census: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3%
1993 census: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1%
Net migration rate
2011: Net loss of 3.74 persons for every 1,000 population per year (about 41,000 persons).
Literacy (age 15 and over and can read and write
2000: males 40.8%, females 12.8
Net migration rate
2010: More people leaving than arriving. A net loss of 3.95 per 1,000 population.
Central Africa south of Libya. More than three times the size of California. Landlocked. Desert in the north, tropical in the south. Plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south. Natural resources: petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt. Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues.
Chief of state: Idriss Déby (president) since 2 December 1990, Patriotic Salvation Movement. Head of government: Djimrangar Dadnadji (prime minister) since 21 January 2013, Patriotic Salvation Movement.
2004: A report published by the BBC describes Chad as among the four lowest ranking of 28 African countries regarding trust in authorities. The poll is by the UN Economic Commission for Africa. Among the complaints are . "corruption, poor tax systems, run-down and unaccountable public services, weak parliaments and unreformed courts."
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