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macrohistory & world report

Antigua and Barbuda

Map showing the place of Antigua and Barbuda in the Caribean

Angtiqua and Barbuda (the latter the northern most of the two), Commonwealth Islands in the Caribbean.

World Factbook as of November 2014: "Tourism continues to dominate Antigua and Barbuda's economy, accounting for nearly 60% of GDP and 40% of investment. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on tourist arrivals from the US, Canada, and Europe and potential damages from natural disasters."

Wikipedia: "Antigua is famous for its many luxury resorts."

Estimated per capita GDP
2014: $18,400, 76th in the world

GDP growth rate:
2013: 1.7%
2012: 1.6%
2011: -3%

People

Population
July 2014: 91,295

Infant mortality (deaths before the age of one year per 1,000 live births)
2014: 13.29 deaths
2010: 15.1 deaths
2008: 17.67
2005: 19.46

Average life expectancy at birth
2014: 76.12 years
2010: 75.26 years
2008: 72.69
2005: 71.9

Living in an urban area
2010: 30%

Density estimated in 2005: 155.3 persons per square kilometer.

Net migration rate per 1,000 population
2014: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 2.23 persons
2010: More arriving than leaving. A net gain of 6.01 persons

Ethnic groups
2001 census: black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9%

Religions
2001 census:Anglican 25.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Roman Catholic 10.4%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8%

literacy
2011: males 98.4% females 99.4%
2003: 85%

Geography

Islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico.

Government

Chief of state: Elizabeth II. (queen, House of Windsor) since 6 February 1952.

Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government and a Commonwealth realm.

Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17 seats; members appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

Capital: Saint John's

Recent History

These two islands in the Caribbean were colonized by the Spanish and French and then by the English, who made it their colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834.

The islands became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1981

SOURCES:
The World Factbook

Copyright © 2009-2013 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.