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macrohistory & world report

Angola

Map of Angola

Angola (capital Luanda) and neighboring states

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World Factbook as of October 2014: "Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002... Angola's high growth rate in recent years was driven by high international prices for its oil. Angola became a member of OPEC in late 2006 and its current assigned a production quota of 1.65 million barrels a day (bbl/day). Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 85% of GDP. Diamond exports contribute an additional 5%. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country's food is still imported. Increased oil production supported growth averaging more than 17% per year from 2004 to 2008. A postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons has led to high rates of growth in construction and agriculture as well. Much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war. Land mines left from the war still mar the countryside, even though peace was established after the death of rebel leader."

Per capita GDP
2013: $6,300

GDP growth rate
2013: 5.6%
2012: 3.9%
2011: 3.7%
2010: 3.4%
2009: 2.4%

Labor force in agriculture
2003: 85%

Troubled by population pressures and overuse of pastures creating soil erosion.

February 28, 2006: According to the BBC, Angola has a "burgeoning middle class."

Exports partners
2010: China 42.8%, US 23%, India 9.5%, France 4%

Angola has inadequate supplies of drinking water. 

People

Population:
July 2014: 19.1 million

Population growth rate:
2014: 2.78%, 19th of 233 countries

Births / deaths
2014: 38.97 / 11.67

Living in an urban area
2010: 59.2%

Net migration rate
2014: Net gain of 0.47 persons per 1,000 population
2012: Net gain of 0.55 persons per 1,000 population

Ethnic groups
Ovimbundu 37%t, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed European and African 2%,  European 1%, other 22%

Religions
1998: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholics 38%, Protestants 15%

Geography

Southern Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean

Government

The president is elected by the National Assembly to a five-year term and under the 2010 constitution eligible for a second consecutive or discontinuous term.

Capital: Luanda

Recent History

Angola won its independence from Portugal in 1975.

SOURCES:
The World Factbook

Copyright © 2009-2013 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.