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The Pescadores or Penghu Islands

After the war in Korea started, in June 1950, the U.S. Seventh Fleet was ordered to protect these islands, and in 1955 the U.S. Congress re-authorized this protection. These are 64 islands at high tide and 100 islands at low tide. Here is a naval base and an airport. In 1952 it was included as one of Taiwan's sixteen provinces. Its 1978 population has been estimated at 112,000.