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An island group with a total land area of two square miles and no indigenous population, held by the United States since 1867. Construction of a military base was begun there in March 1940 and was completed on August 1, 1941. It includes an airstrip and harbor facility.

The U.S. base at Midway was attacked on December 7, 1941. The Japanese were unable to take the island and lost a great sea battle near Midway in June 1942.