Notes 1945 to 21st Century

1.  A video tape, "Secret Plunder – GI Loooters" is, or was, available at The History Channel.

2.  Described in Ernst von Salomon's book, Die Fragebogen.

3.  From Muhammad Ali Jinah's "Demand for a Seperate Homeland for Muslims," March 22, 1940.

4.  This is the branch of England's royal family that came from the House of Battenberg. During World War I, with much anti-German passion in England, the Battenberg's in England changed their name to Mountbatten. 

5.  The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India, by Urvashi Butalia.

6.  Quoted by Alistair Horne, A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954-1962, 1977, p 204.

7.  The source for these dates has been given as Isam Sakhnini, 1986, Felastain Al-Dowla, Guthour AL-Masa’ala fi Attarikh Al-felastaini, Felastain Al-Dowla, Guthour AL-Masa’ala fi Attarikh Al-felastaini. Al- Aswar publication house, Acre, pages 217-18.

8.  Milovan Djilas, Conversations with Stalin, p 110-111.

9.  Jeremy Isaacs and Taylor Downing, The Cold War, p 52.

10.  The New York Times, May 18 1948. Quoted by Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, Prophet in Politics: Henry A. Wallace and the War Years, 1940-65, Iowa State University Press, p. 193.

11.  Albert Einstein to Eugene Reynal, quoted by Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, Prophet in Politics: Henry A. Wallace and the War Years, 1940-65,  Iowa State University Press, p. 193.

12.  See William Wei, "Mao and the Red Army," A Military History of China, edited by David Graff and Robin Higham, p 244.

13.  Chen Jian, China's Road to the Korean War, p 65.

15.  From the New York Times, March 2, 1949. Quoted by Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, p 475, Simon & Schuster 1994.

16.  Gathered from my unpublished interviews with South Koreans. 

17.   Chen Jian, China's Road to the Korean War, Columbia University Press, 1994, pages197-98.

18.  Callum H. MacDonald, Korea: The War before Vietnam, p 234.

20. Stephen Kinzer, Overthrow, p 119.

21. Stephen Kinzer, Overthrow, p 118.

22. Stephen Kinzer, All the Shah's Men, p 3.

23.  New York Times, June 27 and 29, 1954.

24.  Michael Dobbs, One Minute to Midnight, p 161.

25.  Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p 303.

26.  According to Manuel Castells, End of Millennium, Volume III, Second Edition, p 26, in the 1980s the Soviet Union compared to the United States was producing 80 percent more steel, 78 percent more cement, 42 percent more oil and twice as much pig iron.

27.  This involved government ownership of big manufacturing, banking, transportation, and energy production, working on the basis of profit and loss, supply and demand (market socialism) while private enterprise was allowed in agriculture and elsewhere in the economy.

28.  In 1975, A committee led by Senator Frank Church of Idaho investigated the CIA and suggested CIA involvement, but the committee did not find Trujillo's death the result of CIA actions. It is also said that Trujillo had become an embarrassment to the US and that the assassins had had the clandestine support of US authorities.

29. Kinzer, Overthrow,, p. 175. According to Kinzer, in the early sixties the CIA was sending money to Chilean newspapers, student groups, trade unions, and political parties.

30.  Christopher Hitchens, The Trial of Henry Kissinger, published by Verso, 2001, p. 56.

31.  Henry Kissinger, Years of Upheaval, 1982, p. 377.

32.  Quoted by Walter Isaacson, Kissinger: a Biography, 1992, p 290.

33.  Peter Winn, Americas: The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean, University of California Press, p 526.

34.  In his book Overthrow, p 130, Stephen Kinzer writes of United Fruit having "operated plantations on its own terms, free of such annoyances as taxes or labor regulations."

35.  Reagan's autobiography, An American Life, p 152.

36.  The quote is from the Jerusalem Post, 10 August 1967.

37. Michael B Oren, Six Days of War, p 317.

38. Arab state members were Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen.

39. Henry Kissinger, Years of Upheaval, p 197.

40. Noah Feldman, The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State, p. 136.

41.  Esquire magazine, January 1962.

42.  Reagan, American Life, p 117.

43.  See Austerity Britain, by David Kynaston, p. 315.

44.  The New York Times, May 31, 2009.

45.  David Stockman, the Triumph of Politics, p 123.

46. Stockman, p 274.

47. See

48.  The New York Times, May 31, 2009.

49. Reagan, pages 401-02.

50.  Earl A Reitan, The Thatcher Revolution, p 30.

51.  Reitan, p 33.

52.  Reitan, p 75.

53. United States Bureau of Labour Statistics.

54.  The Columbia History of the 20th Century, Richard W. Bulliet editor, 1998, p 323.

55. The Washington Post, October 31, 2008.

56. The NewsHour, July 4, 2000.

57. The Deb-Jones-Douglass Institute,

61.  See the article on Leo Strauss in the online free encyclopedia Wikipedia. Shadia Drury writes a lot on Strauss, including noble lies.

62.  Shawn Francis Peters, Judging Jehovah's Witnesses: Religious Persecution and the Dawn of the Rights Revolution, p 10, University Press of Kansas, 2000.

63.  Peters, p 8.

64.  First Word – Black Scholars, Thinkers, Warriors, edited by Kwake Person-Lynn, Harlem River Press, 1996.

65.  Elaine Brown, Taste of Power – a Black Woman's Story, 1992, pages 219-225.

66.  Paul Copperman, The Achievement Decline 1979.

67.  Margaret Thatcher's memoirs, The Downing Street Years, p 817.

68.  Thatcher, p 817.

69.  "Let's Get Rid of Darwinism," by Olivia Judson, The New York Times, July 15, 2008.

70.  Peter Beinart, The Icarus Syndrome, p 170.

71. Tran Thi Lien, "The Catholic Question in North Vietnam," Cold War History, pages 427–49 (published online).

72. The, "The Historical Roots of Greece's Debt Crisis," 13 May 2011.

73. Truman Library link.

74. Quoted by Kurt Gentry in J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets, p 442.

75. Quoted by Archimedes Patti in Why Viet Nam?: Prelude to America's Albatross. p 444.

76. William Taubman, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era, p 385.

77. National Archives. Statistical Information about Fatal Casualties of the Vietnam War.

78. Robert C, Tucker, Stalin in Power: the Revolution from Above, p 258.

79. Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions, p.165. Michael McClintock, The American Connection, Vol 2, 1987, pages 216–7.

80. Virginia Garrard-Burnett, Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala under General Efraín Ríos Mont, Oxford University Press, p 152.

81. Published in Playboy, January 1965.

82. Andrew Sinclair, Viva Che!: The Strange Death and Life of Che Guevara, p 67.

83. Wikipedia, "New Order (Indonesia)"

84. Ghana Ministry of Information, Nkrumah's Deception of Africa, 1967.

85. See, e.g., Rwanda: How the genocide happened, BBC, April 1, 2004.

86. Donald E Smith, ."The Ideology of Mawlana Mawdud," South Asian Politics and Religion, Princeton, NJ, 1966, pages 388–9.