Notes 1901-1945

1. Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p 202.

2. Ibid.

3. Ibid. p 243.

4. Samuel Eliot Morison, The Oxford History of the American People, p 841-42.


6. COMMENT: "If you study the battle at Agua Prieta, on 1 November 1915 I believe you will find that Villa attacked Plutarco Elias Calles, not Obregon. Obregon only showed up several days later."

7. Simon Montefiore, Young Stalin, p 128.

8. Montefiore, p 129.

9.  Paul M Kennedy, The Rise of the Anglo-German Antagonism, 1860-1914, pages 464-70.

10. Sean McMeekin, Russian Origins of the First World War, p 114.

11. The Encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 29, 1997, p. 966) describes France as having lost around 380,000 men killed in the war in the last five months of 1914 and the Germans as having lost slightly less than that."

12. Martin Gilbert, Winston S. Churchill, Volume III, p 347.

13. Walter Millis, Road to War: America, 1914-1917, p 79.

14. Andrew Mango, Ataturk, p 375.

15.  Population figure derived from Martin Gilbert, Israel, p 5.

16. Martin Gilbert, p 60.

17. Shlomo Hersh, The Hebron Pogrom of August 1929.

18. Simon Sebag Montefiore,Young Stalin, pages 30-31.

19.  Montefiore, p 43.

20.  Montefiore, p. 49. 

21.  Montefiore, p. 49.

22. See Allen S Whiting, Soviet Policies in China, 1917-1924, online with Google Books.

23. A J P Taylor, English History: 1914–1945, pages 213–14.

24. Norman G Finkelstein, What Gandhi Says about nonviolence, resistance and courage. Finkelstein describes his book online here .

25. Stanley Wolpert, A New History of India, Sixth Edition, p 366.   

26.  Anne Applebaum, Iron Curtain (see her index for Amendola). 

27. This is according to the economic historian Robert Higgs.   

28. Amity Shales, "The Krugman Recipe for Depression," The Wall Street Journal, November 29, 2008.

29. Figures from Democracies in Crisis, pages 36-39, 1989, by Kim Quaile Hill, who drew from various sources such as the League of Nations, yearbooks of labor statistics and other reputable sources.

30. Kim Quaile Hill, p 37.

31. Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p 202.

32. Kim Quaile Hill, p 37.

33. Andrew Nagorski, Hitlerland, p 68.

34. Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p 299.

35. Hitler's Enabling Act Speech is available in full online.

36. Andrew Nagorski, Hitlerland, pages 111-12.

37. William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reic p 226.

38. Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p 299.

39. Nation Magazine, 24 May 1933. ch19

40. Knut Walter,The regime of Anastasio Somoza, 1936-1956. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina. 1993. p 52.

41. University of North Carolina Press,

42. Jose M Sanchez, The Spanish Civil War as a Religous Tragedy, 1987.

43. Ibid.

44. The reporter was Vern Smith. His report can be found in Paul Robeson Speaks, edited by Philip S. Foner, 1978.    

45. Molotov Remembers, "Conversations with Felix Chuev", 1993, ISBN 1-56663-027-4. p 262.

46. Ted Morgan, FDR: A Biography, p 427.

47. W A Swanberg Luce and His Empire, p 128.

48. Paul Krugman, "1938 in 2010," The New York Times, 5 September 2010.

49. Nell Irving Painter, History of White People, p 349.

50. David Reynolds, Summits: Six Meetings that Shaped the 20th Century, 2007, p 40. 

51. Reynolds, p 99.

52. href="".

53. Max Boot, War Made New, p 225.

54. Max Boot, p 233.

55. Michael Clodfelter, Warfare and Armed Conflicts – A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1500-2000, Second Edition, 2002. ISBN 0-7864-1204-6.

56. Jan T Gross, Sovietisation of Poland's Eastern Territories. Also, From Peace to War: Germany, Soviet Russia, and the World, 1939-1941, (Berghahn Books). pages 74-75. ISBN 1571818820. Retrieved by Wikipedia 30 December 2014. The entire paragraph is drawn from Wikipedia's "Elections to the People's Assemblies of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus."

57. For more on the influences on Hitler regarding American Indians, and also British concentration camps for the Boers, see the historian John Toland, Adolf Hitler: the Definitive Biography, p 202. And seach online for "Hitler and American Indians," without the quotes.

58. A Polish woman who was around 15 in 1940 described the Germans as such to me personally in the mid-1980s. Statistics on this subject as far as I know do not exist.

59. Keiji Furuya, Chiang Kai-shek: His Life and Times, 1981, p 463.

60. Journal of Amercian-East Asian Relations, Fall 1994, "The Japanese," by Pedro A. Loureiro, p 221.

61. Robert B. Stinnett, Day of Deceit, p 30-32.

62. William Manchester, American Caesar, p 186.

63. Leonid N. Kutakov, Japanese Foreign Policy, ISBN 910512-15-9, p 212.

64. William Manchester, American Caesar, p 190.

65.  Manchester, pages 192-93.

66. Manchester, p 200.

67. Manchester, p 200.

68. John Toland, Infamy, p 300.

69. Journal of American-East Asian Relations, fall 1994, "The Pearl Harbor Raid," by Alvin D. Coox, p 221.

70. Donald W Treadgold and Herbert J. Ellison, Twentieth Century Russia, 9th edition, Westview Press, p 277.

71.  The official number of deaths of Soviet military personnel during the entire war was 7.5 million (around 5,500 per day) and 13 million civilians.

72. William L Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, p 855.

73.  W Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941-1946, Random House, p 90.

74.  Harriman and Abel, p 283.

75.  George C. Herring Jr, Aid to Russia, 1941-1945, Columbia University Press, p. 18.

76.  Will Brownell and Richard N. Billings, So Close to Greatness, MacMillan Publishing Company, p 293.

77.  Dennis J. Dunn, Caught between Roosevelt & Stalin: America's Ambassadors to Moscow, University of Kentucky Press, p 186.

78.  Bryan Mark Rigg, Hitler's Jewish Soldiers, 2002. One of the "partly Jewish" soldiers was a future German prime minister: Helmut Schmidt.

79.  Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, pages 253-255.

80.  Conrad C. Crane, Bombs, Cities and Civilians, University Press of Kansas, pages 32-33.

81.  Milovan Djilas, Conversations with Stalin, Harcourt, Brace & World, pages 110-111.

82.  Djilas, pages 114-15.

83. CBS News, September 6, 2013.

84.  Gerhard L.Weinberg, A World At Arms, Cambridge University Press, p 329.  

85.  Iwo Jima is 640 miles from Tokyo.  Saipan's distance is 1,353 miles.

86. Described in The Rising Sun, by John Toland, Random House, p 865.

87. John Maynard Keynes, Essays in Persuasion, 1931.

88. Kenneth R Hoover, Economics as Ideology, 2008, p 152.


90. See: Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, The Anti-Christ, Ecce Homo, Twilight of the Idols, and Other Writings: And other Writings, translated by Judith Norman and Aaron Ridley, Cambridge University Press, 2005, p 77.

91. Mussolini in Italy held to what is called corporatism, where businessmen, farmers, fascist-state managed labor organizations and the military "negotiate" with each other on what is to be done. Mussolini is said to have left capitalists in charge of their industries in exchange for their support.

92. Andrew D Irvine, (2003-05-01) "Principia Mathematica (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI, Stanford University.