Notes: 1000 BCE to 500 CE

 1. Israel Finkelstein , David and Solomon, p 95. These differences of opinion were dramatized in the PBS documentary "the Bible's Buried Secrets," broadcast on 25 March 2015.

 2. Finkelstein, p 96. 

 3. Finkelstein, p 97.

 4. Finkelstein, p 27. 

 5. Isaiah 45:1

 6. Peter Green, The Hellenistic Age, 2007, p 4.

 7. Green, p 7.

 8. Keith Roberts, The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets.

 9. Matthew 3:4-7.

10. Victoria Tin-bor Hui, War and State Formation in Ancient China and Early Modern Europe, pp 80-81.

11. Qin: Victoria Tin-bor Hui, p 91, quoting Mark E Lewis, Warring States Political History, 1999, p 596.

12. Matthew 11:11.

13. Mark 6:8

14. Luke 6:24-25.

15. Luke 13:15.

16. Timothy 6:10.

17. Romans 13:13.

18. Romans 13:1.

19. Ephesians 5:22.

20. Timothy 2:12.

21. 1 Corinthians 7:29.

22. 1 Corinthians 7:4.

23. John 14:30.

24. Ephesians 6:11-12.

25. 2 Corinthians 4:4.

26. 1 Peter 3:8.

27. Robert W July, A History of the African People, Fourth Edition, 1992, p 32.  

28. Richard A Diehl, The Olmecs: America's First Civilization, 2004, p 82.

29. Protagoras and Karl Rove. In a June 2004 commencement address to the graduating students at Liberty University in Virginia, Karl Rove misinterpreted Protagoras. Protagoras was not, as Rove described him, advocating that people do whatever they pleased because "man is the measure of all things."

30.  Susan Neiman, Moral Clarity, p 77.

31.  From Notebooks on the Gallic War, by Julius Caesar, VI, 13.

32.  Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, 1945, pp 284-85.